The majority of the resources a major university allocates each year to Conservation are spent in the commercial binding program. For this reason we continually modify our internal procedures as viewpoints gradually change. As examples, in the early 1980’s a typical Customer Profile would have focused on the cosmetic aspects of binding, and a large number of the items in a job would have been oversewed and trimmed on three sides. Covers would have likely been made using animal hide glues.


Since that time we have taken the initiative to gradually modify our procedures to specify double fan adhesive binding as the preferred choice for binding individual leaves, and no-trimming as the preferred method of edge finishing. We also converted very early to PVA adhesive for casemaking, and we were an early advocate of the balanced weave cotton/polyester Buckram. As new procedures become available and generally recognized within the LBI Standard we modify our product line and communicate with our customers to make changes in profiles. This is an ongoing process.




Adhesives: All of the adhesives we use for Library Binding are polyvinyl acetate emulsions with good long-term aging characteristics.

Endsheets: Our endsheets meet the ANSI Standard Z39.48 – 1984 standard for permanance of paper for printed library materials.

Cover Material: Our buckram is 100% aqueous coated and is made from a blend of 65% polyester and 35% cotton fibers. The aqueous coating contains no heavy metals and the material has a pH level of 8.5.




We offer comprehensive maintenance and repair of items in your collection, ranging from minor paper mending to extensive text block and cover repair on rare and valuable items. We have been providing restoration and conservation service for 50 years.  Our client base ranges from private to public collections.  Some of them include The Phoenix Art Museum, The Heard Museum, The Bible Museum, The J. Paul Getty Museum, Texas A & M Tech. University, University of Arizona, University of Texas at El Paso and UNLV Special Collection Libraries.




Our basic cloth reback includes lifting the pastedown side of the endsheets if possible and removing the textblock from the cover. The old adhesive is removed form the back and the sewing is inspected and repaired if needed. Text pages are mended with Japanese paper and starch paste and a breakaway barrier of Japanese paper is starch pasted to the back of the text block. New acid free backlining is glued to the textblock. The original cloth cover is then repaired in the spine area, corners, and edges, and the textblock is recased into the original covers with PVA adhesive on the new backlining. The original pastedown endsheets are then reattached, completing the process. Broken or worn through joints on leather covers are either repaired using the Japanese paper method or by leather underlay.




We repair and rebind many Family Bibles each year, and offer an extensive service to render these books functional if the text paper is flexible and sound. Procedures include extensive paper mending and signature guarding, resewing, fabrication of missing boards and metal closures, and the duplication of the original stamping styles whenever possible.